Last modified: 2016-11-03 by ivan sache
Keywords: azerbaijan | europe | crescent (white) | star: 8 points (white) | law | anthem | coat of arms: azerbaijan | fire |
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National flag of Azerbaijan - Image by Zachary Harden, after the official construction sheet, 23 February 2001
Flag used between 1918 and 1920 (slightly
different) and readopted 5 February
1991, coat of arms adopted 27 February 1993.
Description: Blue, red, green horizontal tricolour with a with crescent and eight-pointed star in the middle of the red stripe.
Use: on land, as the civil, state and war flag, at sea, as the civil, state and naval ensign and naval jack.
Colour official specifications (Section 9.2 of the 2004 Flag Law):
Colour approximate specifications (Album des Pavillons [pay00]):
On this page:
According to P. Lux-Wurm (Les drapeaux de l'Islam
[lux01]), the meaning of the colours of the flag was defined by the nationalist leader Ali Bey Hussein Zade as follows:
- Blue represents the aspiration to Turkization;
- Green represents the aspiration to Islamization;
- Red represents the aspiration to modernization and progress, following the European example.
Ivan Sache, 21 June 2003
According to Dorling-Kindersley Pocket Book
[rya97], the eight-pointed star
stands for the eight Turkic peoples of the world, classified as
Azeris, Ottomans, Jagatais,Tatars,
Kipchaks, Seljuks and Turkomans (only seven!).
This classification dates from pre Soviet times. As far as I could determine after browsing some "Turanist" (pan-Turkic) and ethno-linguistic sources, the correspondence is as follows:
- Azeris: Azeris (aka Azerbaidjanis);
- Ottomans: Turkish "proper" (aka Anatolians);
- Jagatais (aka Chagatai): Turkmens;
- Tatars: Tatars;
- Kipchaks: Kazakhs and Kirghiz;
- Seljuks (aka Salchuq): Azeris and kin living in Iran;
- Turkomans: Turkmenians.
This clustering and classification are traditional (the eight-pointed star was already shown on the Azeri flag in 1918 and was probably created much earlier) and doesn't follow any modern linguistical or anthropological classification of the Turkic peoples.
António Martins, 27 January 2000
The Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan, adopted on 12 November 1995, says:
Article 23. Azerbaijan State Symbols.
1. The State symbols of the Azerbaijan Republic shall be: the Azerbaijan Republic Flag, the Azerbaijan Republic Emblem, the Azerbaijan Republic National Anthem.
2. The Flag of the Azerbaijan Republic shall consist of three wide stripes. The upper stripe shall be of blue colour, the middle stripe shall be red and the lower one shall be green. There shall be a white crescent and eight-pointed star in the middle of the red stripe on both sides of the Flag. The ratio of the width to the length shall be 1 by 2.
3. The design of the Azerbaijan Republic Flag and the Azerbaijan Republic State Emblem, the music and the text of the Azerbaijan Republic National Anthem shall be defined by the Constitutional Law.
Ivan Sache, 17 June 1999
On 7 June 2004, the Interfax news agency reported:
The Parliament of the Republic of Azerbaijan has adopted during the first week of June, in third and last reading, a new law "On the rules for using the state flag", announced the Parliament Press Office to the agency Interfax-Azerbaijan.
In the text of law are prescribed the places and institutions where the state flag of Azerbaijan can be put. Moreover are detailed the objects where can be drawn the picture of the state flag. The law prescribes the use of the state flag and the procedure in case of violation or of insult to the legislation of Azerbaijan.
Section 9.2. of the law obviously deals with colour specifications. Pantone blue 313c, red 185c and green 3405c are mentioned.
Pascal Vagnat, Jan Oskar Engene & Brian Ellis, 27 August 2008
The protocol manual for the London 2012 Olympics (Flags and Anthems Manual London 2012 [loc12]) provides recommendations for national flag designs. Each NOC was sent an image of the flag, including the PMS shades, for their approval by LOCOG. Once this was obtained, LOCOG produced a 60 x 90 cm version of the flag for further approval. So, while these specs may not be the official, government, version of each flag, they are certainly what the NOC believed the flag to be.
For Azerbaijan, PMS 313 blue, 185 red, 3405 green (as officialy prescribed). The vertical version is simply the flag turned through 90 degrees clockwise.
Ian Sumner, 10 October 2012
Quoting Trend News, 26 May 2009:
An Azerbaijani member of parliament has proposed to mark National Flag Day.
"The Decree signed by President to build Square of the National Flag is very important. The fact that the president inspected construction of the square recently is praiseworthy," MP Ali Masimli said at the parliamentary meeting on May 26.
The foundation of the Square of the National Flag was laid near Naval Forces base in Bayil settlement on December 30, 2007.
The text of the Presidential Decree on Building Square of the National Flag at the Capital of Azerbaijan Republic dated to November 17, 2007 is depicted here.
Masimli offered to celebrate National Flag Day on November 9.
Ivan Sache, 28 May 2009
The construction sheet of the Azerbaijan flag appears on p. 33 of a document pointing to the Law of 5 February 1991 that created the national flag of Azerbaijan.
Zachary Harden, 23 February 2001
Coat of arms of Azerbaijan - Image by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascan & Ivan Sache, 30 December 1999
The star, also seen in the flag, has the same meaning, the eight
different branches of the Turkish people. This eight-pointed white
star fimbriated in gold, is superimposed on three circles: the inner
one is green, the middle one is red, and the outer one is blue. Those
colors match the flag colours.
Between each star point and over the blue circle, there is one smaller eight-pointed white star, fimbriated in gold too.
Inside the main central star there is a fire. According to an etymological dictionary by Guido Gómez Silva (published by the Fondo de Cultura Económica), this fire recalls the name of the country, "Land of Fire" or "Land of the Fire". The fire also symbolizes freedom.
The shield stands on a golden ear of corn (not shown above).
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascan, 30 December 1999
You are the country of heroes!
We will die so that you might be alive!
We will shed our blood to defend you!
Long live your three-coloured banner!
Thousands of people sacrificed their lives
You're become the field of battles.
Every soldier fighting for you,
Has become a hero.
We pray for your prosperity,
We make sacrifice our lives to you
Our sincere love to you,
Comes from the bottom of our hearts.
To defend your honour,
To hoist your banner,
All the young people are ready.
Ivan Sache, 17 June 1999